Adelaide is the capital of the state of South Australia and the 5th largest city in Australia. Adelaide is situated on the Adelaide Plains just north of the Fleurieu Peninsula located about the bottom center of Australia on a map. It is a two-hour flight from Sydney and a half hour flight from Melbourne. It is probably most renown for its many festivals and sports activities, its food and wine tradition and its bordering coastline and mountains. It has a sizeable defence and manufacturing industry.
Adelaide was declared as a British settlement on 28 December1836. Before that the area around Adelaide was populated by the indigenous Kaurna people and referred to as Tarndanyangga that means the “place of the red kangaroo”. Adelaide was termed in honour of Queen Adelaide, a consort to King William IV. One of the cities founding fathers, Colonel William Light, constructed the city centre and chose its site near to the River Torrens. William Light lay out the city centre inside a grid layout which were interspaced by broad boulevards and huge community squares and flanked by parklands.
The initial settlers in Adelaide had been diversified and it grew to become referred to as the “City of Churches” due to the variety of faiths and the churches which were built in Adelaide. The current quality of life ensures that Adelaide is actually graded among the top ten most liveable cities globally. It is a well-liked tourist destination along with a place to go for international students in Australia due to the well balanced way of life with international education organizations and its thriving local economic climate.
As Adelaide is the South Australia’s government and also a business centre, it's the location of numerous governmental and also financial institutions, mainly centered in the city centre. The largest employment sectors are healthcare and social care, though manufacturing is still a substantial employer. The Adelaide Hills wine area is additionally an significant and an important economic area for the country with regards to wine production and sales. Tourism is critical for the economy and it is a gateway to well known places including Kangaroo Island and the wine regions of the Barossa Valley, McLaren Vale and the Clare Valley. Local tourist attractions in the city include the Adelaide Central Market, Adelaide Botanic Gardens, Adelaide Oval as well as the National Wine Centre.
Adelaide is likewise well recognized with the teams and sports played with the leading sports activities played professionally in Adelaide being Australian Rules football, football (soccer), cricket, netball, and also basketball. Two Australian Football League clubs: the Adelaide Football Club and Port Adelaide Football Club are based in Adelaide along with one A-League football team, Adelaide United. There are two professional basketball teams, the Adelaide 36ers taking part in in the men’s National Basketball League (NBL) and the Adelaide Lightning that competes in the Women’s National Basketball League (WNBL). The countires Formula One Grand Prix was held in the streets of the city from 1985 to 1996 before relocating to Melbourne. Since 1999 Adelaide and the adjacent areas have run the more and more well-known Tour Down Under bicycle event.